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Who Must Have DOT Drug and Alcohol Awareness Training?

By Andrew David Easler, Esq.

All DOT companies are subject to providing employees and supervisors with DOT drug and alcohol training. For supervisors, this takes the form of reasonable suspicion and company policy implementation training. For other employees, it takes the form of DOT mandatory drug and alcohol awareness training. What companies must comply with these federal regulations? Actually, virtually any DOT company bears this responsibility.

Industries Covered

DOT companies span a very wide range of industries. Each of these industries has its own specific regulations that pertain to it, and whether or not DOT mandatory drug and alcohol awareness training is required for general employees.

  • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration – The FMCSA is responsible for the motor carrier industry, and falls under regulation 49 CFR Part 382.
  • Federal Aviation Administration – The FAA is responsible for all air carriers and operators, and falls under regulation 14 CFR 121 Appendices I and J.
  • Federal Railroad Administration – The FRA is responsible for the entirety of the railroad industry, and falls under regulation 49 CFR Part 219.
  • Federal Transit Administration – The FTA is responsible for all forms of public transportation in the United States, and falls under regulations 49 CFR Part 655.
  • Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration – The PHMSA is responsible for pipeline operators and contractors, and falls under regulation 49 CFR Part 199.
  • US Coast Guard – The USCG manages maritime operations in US territorial waters, and is subject to regulations in 46 CFR Parts 4 and 16.

Required Training

When it comes to DOT mandatory drug and alcohol awareness training, employees must have access to some specific types of information, mandated by the federal government. This information can be supplied to your employees in one of several ways, although awareness training classes have become one of the most popular options. Information that must be included in such training includes the following:

• The name and contact information of those assigned to provide information and answers about the program
• Prohibited conduct on the part of employees
• Testing requirements
• When and how employees will be tested
• An explanation of both a testing refusal and the consequences of the action
• Information concerning how drugs and alcohol affect an individual’s personal and work life, as well as their health
• Symptoms of alcohol and drug abuse
• Information about counseling and treatment programs

With this information, you should be able to choose the right DOT mandatory drug and alcohol awareness training program.

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